The Pre-Columbian city of Copán is a locale in extreme western
Honduras, in the Copán Department, near to the Guatemalan border. It is
the site of a major Maya kingdom of the Classic era. The ancient
kingdom, named Xukpi (Corner-Bundle), flourished from the 5th century AD
to the early 9th century, with antecedents going back to at least the
2nd century AD. The Maya civilization decayed, and by the time the
Spanish came to Honduras, the once great city-state of Copán was overrun
by the jungle.
After the Spanish discovery and subsequent conquest, Honduras became
part of Spain's vast empire in the New World. The Spanish ruled Honduras
for approximately 3 centuries.
Honduras became a state in the United Provinces of Central America in
1821, and an independent republic with the demise of the union in 1840.
The Football war of 1969 was fought with El Salvador. It lasted
approximately 100 hours. During the 1980s, Honduras was used as a large
military base of the United States to create, train and support the
anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Nicaraguan government and to
support the government of El Salvador forces fighting against the
guerrillas trying to oust a long succession of violently repressive
military dictatorships, and military backed governments.
Hurricane Fifi which caused severe damage took place around on September
18 and 19, 1974. Later, Hurricane Mitch devastated the country and
wrecked its economy in 1998.